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Categories and Types Of Nail Guns

March 31, 2012

Knowing What To Know When Shopping For Nail Guns part 1

Anyone who has ever replaced a roof in the middle of Las Vegas or Phoenix Arizona in the middle of July knows the job starts early and winds down about as fast as the mercury in the thermometer rises, or at least for those contractor’s hoping to keep their liability insurance premiums low.

No matter what the job is nothing helps contractors effectively manage time constraints like the ability of an individual worker to drive hundreds of nails securely in a single days work.  When this is the goal, the answer is a nail gun, but knowing whether the job is best suited for a combustion nail gun, pneumatic nail gun, or even an electromagnetic air gun is a completely different puzzle. And if this wasn’t enough to confound most do it yourselfers, figuring out if they need a finishing, framing, roofing, or Brad nail gun adds an even deeper level of complexity.

To alleviate potential bewilderment, we at toolup.com offer a brief explanation of these differences. Where the rest of this article will focus on the three main types of nail guns; combustion, pneumatic, and electromagnetic, the second in this series will offer a brief explanation of the main differences between framing, finishing, roofing, and brad nail guns.

The Three Main Types Of Nail Guns

Combustion nail guns like the PasLode CF-325LI,  use a fuel cell, often filled with liquefied petroleum gas and ignited by a spark plug powered by an internal battery. When the user depresses the trigger simultaneous with the safety, the spark plug ignites a small quantity of gas that comes from a disposable cartridge insert, which causes the internal piston to fire the nail into the wood at a great velocity. These Gas powered nail guns are the practical choice when one needs maximum mobility as they can be carried anywhere without the hassle of purchasing or transporting bulky accessories like air compressors.

Nail guns, like the Porter Cable RN175A,  that use compressed air to achieve the force necessary to drive the nails into the wood are called pneumatics. These are the most common type of nail guns on the market and are preferred by professionals doing a multi facetted job. Although pneumatic nail guns are heavier, they do the job extremely efficiently and usually have a quick dial depth adjustment setting that helps people drive their nail to the correct depth.

Battery powered nail guns like the DeWalt DC608K, are typically cordless and as the name implies, powered by a battery. There are two main models of battery powered nail guns. The first uses nails held together with plastic to form a stick and which fit inside the tool. The second type, like the Senco 455XP is a coil gun that uses nails joined with wires or paper.



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